The arrival of the Portuguese in Brazil was one of the greatest moments of the great navigations, a process initiated by the Portuguese in the 15th century.
In 1500 Pero Vaz de Caminha wrote a letter to King D. Manuel I of Portugal, giving him an explanation about the Finding of Brazil, referring to the arrival, on April 22, 1500, of the fleet of 13 vessels, nine ships, three caravels and a supply ship, with about 1200 men, commanded by Pedro Álvares Cabral, to the territory then called Ilha de Vera Cruz (lands that today make up the territory of Brazil).
The initial contact was calm, there was an exchange of gifts between the two parties, and some of the natives were taken to the vessel where the Captain-General, Cabral, was, so that he could meet him. They were given food and wine, but they rejected the food and did not like what they experienced, according to Caminha's journal.
A few curiosities:
Brazil’s typical ingredients: Peanuts, almonds, cashews, chestnuts of Pará, cocoa.
Well known Brazilian author: It is difficult to highlight, since Brazil a wide variety of writers and poets like Jorge Amado, Machado de Assis, Drummond de Andrade, Clarice Lispector, Ruben Alves, and many others, that are essential milestones in Portuguese literature. Paulo Coelho, in September 2007, was appointed by UN "Messenger of Peace" and entered the Guinness World of Records for being the author of the book Alchemist, the book with more translations in different languages in the World.