An ancient legend attributes the foundation of Lisbon (Olissipo) to the Greek hero Ulysses. The Phoenicians also left traces of their passage here, which can be visited under the Lisbon Cathedral. The Romans arrived, reinforced the wall, and left their mark. In the 7th century Lisbon is taken over by the Moors of North Africa.
In 1147, the 1st king of Portugal, D. Afonso Henriques, conquered Lisbon, expanding it outside the walls. Later, in the 14th century, King D. Fernando I ordered the construction of Cerca Nova (a new wall whose main objective was to defend the city against the constant threats of the King of Castile). From this Lisbon of “other eras”, we have on floor -1, 33m2 of Fernandina wall to visit.
A few curiosities:
Lisbon Saint and protector: St. Anthony. He is a matchmaker Saint and he helps people find lost objects that they treasure.
Lisbon typical ingredients: Dry figues, (Arab heritage), peanuts, cashews, butter cookies and olive oil, and honey cinnamon with cookies.
Famous Writer of Lisbon: Fernando Pessoa
Iconic dessert : Pastéis de Belém (cream custard tarts).